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Tableau de l'Ordre, inscription, permis

Permit to practise

The Barreau du Québec fosters the mobility of lawyers in Québec. To do so, it is authorized to issue special authorizations to practise as well as various permits.

Temporary permits

A temporary permit has a duration of no more than 12 months, but is renewable. Any Canadian or foreign lawyer can apply for a temporary permit if he wants to practise temporarily in a specific file (s. 42.4 of the Professional Code).

Special authorization to practise in Québec

A special authorization is valid for a specific file, until a final judgment is rendered, and cannot exceed 12 months. It must be renewed if necessary.

Conditions for obtaining a special authorization

You must provide the following original documents:

  • A duly completed form entitled Application for a special authorization for a person practising outside Québec (section 42.4 Professional Code)
  • A certificate signed by the appropriate officer of the bar of which you are a member attesting that you are legally authorized to practise law outside Québec and confirming that you have not been disbarred or been the subject of a suspension or limitation of your right to practise law outside Québec
  • A professional liability insurance certificate providing coverage for the professional services rendered in Québec (coverage: $1,000,000)

The process for obtaining a permit

The application for a special authorization will be examined by the secretary of the Order in order to ensure that the conditions for the issuance of the special authorization have been met. If they have, the special authorization will be issued by the Bâtonnier of Québec.

The processing period for an application for a special authorization is at least 10 business days. If the application is incomplete, the processing could take longer. However, if you need an authorization before the usual time frame, the authorization will be considered urgent.

For litigation files

The Bâtonnier of Québec can authorize a lawyer insofar as the lawyer demonstrates a link to Québec, such as criminal or penal proceedings against his client, damages suffered in Québec by non-residents of Québec, the holding of a rogatory commission, etc. Since this involves a special authorization to practise occasionally in Québec without the need to become a member of the Barreau du Québec, a lawyer can make a maximum of 10 applications per year. The Board of Directors has discretion to allow more applications if special circumstances justify it.

You must submit a complete form for each application.

Note In light of the rules of civil procedure and the civil law applicable to certain files, and in order to properly protect the public, the Barreau du Québec may require that a lawyer seeking a special authorization be assisted by counsel who is a member of the Barreau du Québec.

The Bâtonnier of Québec can authorize a lawyer for up to 50 applications per year (including renewals) for immigration files. The Board of Directors has discretion to allow more applications if the lawyer can demonstrate a link between a file and Québec and if special circumstances justify it.

For an initial application, you must submit the long form for immigration files. Thereafter, the short form can be used.

Administrative fee

For all litigation files, the administrative fee for each calendar year is as follows:

  • 1 to 10 applications = $220

Exceptionally, more than 11 applications = $1,085

For all immigration files, the administrative fee for each calendar year is as follows:

  • 1 to 10 applications = $220
  • 11 to 50 applications = $1,085

Exceptionally, more than 51 applications = $2,160

This fee is payable to the Barreau du Québec by cheque or money order or by credit card (Visa or MasterCard).

There is no fee for applications to renew an authorization.

National Mobility Agreement

In December 2002, eight provinces signed the National Mobility Agreement (NMA). The purpose of the NMA is to facilitate temporary and permanent mobility of lawyers between Canadian jurisdictions. Although the Barreau du Québec signed the NMA, it has not yet implemented the NMA in its regulations. Therefore, an application for a special authorization does not fall within the scope of the rules of temporary mobility as defined in the NMA.

Restrictive permits

Temporary restrictive permits (lawyers)

This permit may be issued to a Canadian or foreign lawyer who has obtained a decision from the Equivalences Committee of the Barreau du Québec (s. 42.1 of the Professional Code).

If you are a foreign lawyer and you do not have a decision from the Equivalences Committee of the Barreau du Québec, you cannot submit an application for the issuance of a temporary restrictive permit.

The holder of a temporary restrictive permit becomes a member of the Barreau du Québec. He has the same duties and obligations as other members of the Barreau du Québec: respect the Code of Professional Conduct of Lawyers and hold professional liability insurance with coverage limited to $10,000,000 and to the activities authorized by the temporary restrictive permit.

This permit is valid for one year and is renewable. In this regard, the holder of a temporary restrictive permit must prove that he has taken the necessary steps to satisfy the decision of the Equivalences Committee within a reasonable time limit. Failing same, the Board of Directors may refuse to renew the permit.

Note You must remain a member of your original bar at all times, even after the Barreau du Québec has issued the permit.

What activities can you perform if you hold such a permit?

A temporary restrictive permit is limited to specific areas of the law. For example, a candidate may obtain the right to practise in the field of criminal law, civil law or commercial law or in any other field, but not in all fields at the same time.

At the time the temporary restrictive permit is issued, the candidate must already have the legal knowledge required to practice in the requested legal fields.

Conditions for obtaining a temporary restrictive permit

  • A duly completed Application for admission to the Barreau du Québec which will be examined by the Committee for access to the profession before the application for the issuance of a temporary restrictive permit is referred to the Board of Directors for a decision
  • A duly completed Application for the issuance of a temporary restrictive permit
  • All mandatory documents that must accompany the application for admission (and that are listed in appendices 1 and 2 of the application for admission) including, but not limited to, a proof of identity, a Canadian police certificate and the documents certifying your knowledge of French
  • Your law degree(s)
  • A certificate signed by the appropriate officer of the bar of which you are a member attesting that you are legally authorized to practise law and that you have not been disbarred or are not the subject of a suspension or limitation of your right to practise law outside Québec
  • The decision of the Equivalences Committee
  • A curriculum vitae setting out your professional experience, and letters of recommendation, if available
  • All other required documents

The process for obtaining a permit

The application for the issuance of a temporary restrictive permit will be examined by the secretary of the Order in order to ensure that the conditions for the issuance of the permit have been met. If so, the application for admission to the Barreau du Québec will be forwarded to the Committee for access to the profession which must, pursuant to section 45 of the Act respecting the Barreau du Québec, evaluate the candidate's moral character, conduct, skills, knowledge and qualifications to practise the profession.

Upon receipt of the Committee for access to the profession's decision declaring the candidate eligible to practise the profession, the application for the issuance of a temporary restrictive permit will be submitted to the Board of Directors which will make a decision.

The processing period for an application for a special permit is at least two months. If the application is incomplete, the processing could take longer. Moreover, the Committee for access to the profession may deem it necessary to meet with the candidate.

If the Board of Directors decides to issue the temporary restrictive permit, you must take the following steps in order to be entered on the Roll of the Order and be able to practise within the limits of your temporary restrictive permit:

  1. Payment of the annual dues

    You must pay the full annual dues for the current year in order to be entered on the Roll of the Order.

  2. Professional liability insurance

    You must subscribe to the professional liability insurance for members of the Barreau du Québec. You will have coverage of $10,000,000.

  3. Taking of the oath

    Before being entered on the Roll of the Order, you must also take the oath or pledge allegiance.

Note As the holder of a restrictive permit, you must complete the annual registration and renew your permit with the Barreau du Québec every year.

Administrative fee

The fee for an application for the issuance of a permit is $220.

Once you have been entered on the Roll of the Order, you must pay your annual dues.

The administrative fee is payable to the Barreau du Québec by cheque or money order or by credit card (Visa or MasterCard).

Restrictive solicitor permit (Canadian lawyer or law professor)

It is possible to be entered on the Roll of the Order of the Barreau du Québec as a solicitor. There are two types of restrictive permits for solicitors:

The holder of a solicitor permit becomes a member of the Barreau du Québec. He has the same duties and obligations as other members of the Barreau du Québec: respect the Code of Professional Conduct of Lawyers and hold professional liability insurance with coverage limited to $1,000,000 and to the activities authorized by the temporary restrictive permit.

This is an annual permit that must be renewed each year by applying to the Board of Directors on or before April 1st.

What activities can you perform if you hold such a permit?

Canadian lawyer (section 55) A member of the bar of another Canadian province or territory admitted as a solicitor must practise solely within the limits of the activities set out in section 128 of the Act respecting the Barreau du Québec for the exclusive account of his employer or its subsidiaries.
Law professor (section 56) Pursuant to sections 56 and 128 (1) (a) of the Act respecting the Barreau du Québec, a law professor can only give legal advice and consultations on legal matters.

Note You must remain a member of your original bar even after the Barreau du Québec has issued the permit.

Conditions for obtaining a restrictive solicitor permit

Canadian lawyer (section 55)

A Canadian lawyer must provide the following documents:

  • All mandatory documents that must accompany the application for admission (and that are listed in appendices 1 and 2 of the application for admission) including, but not limited to, a proof of identity, a Canadian police certificate and the documents certifying your knowledge of French
  • A certificate signed by the appropriate officer of the bar of which you are a member attesting that you are legally authorized to practise law and that you have not been disbarred or are not the subject of a suspension or limitation of your right to practise law outside Québec
  • Your law degree(s)
  • Your curriculum vitae

Any other required documents

Law professor (section 56)

A law professor must provide the following documents:

  • The following forms, duly completed:
    Application for admission to the Barreau du Québec which will be examined by the Committee for access to the profession before your application for the issuance of a restrictive solicitor permit is referred to the Executive Committee for a decision
    Application for the issuance of a restrictive solicitor permit (section 56 Act respecting the Barreau du Québec)
  • All mandatory documents that must accompany the application for admission (and that are listed in appendices 1 and 2 of the application for admission) including, but not limited to, a proof of identity, a Canadian police certificate and the documents certifying your knowledge of French
  • A certificate from an authorized person attesting that you are a professor who has been teaching law full time for at least three years in a law faculty or department of legal studies which grants a diploma recognized pursuant to section 184 of the Professional Code
  • A certificate from an authorized person attesting that you have a university degree in law
  • Your curriculum vitae

Any other required documents

The process for obtaining a permit

The application for the issuance of a restrictive solicitor permit will be examined by the secretary of the Order in order to ensure that the conditions for the issuance of the permit have been met. If so, the application for admission to the Barreau du Québec will be forwarded to the Committee for access to the profession which must, pursuant to section 45 of the Act respecting the Barreau du Québec, evaluate the candidate's moral character, conduct, skills, knowledge and qualifications to practise the profession.

Upon receipt of the Committee for access to the profession's decision declaring the person eligible to practise the profession, the application for the issuance of a restrictive solicitor permit will be submitted to the Board of Directors which will make a decision.

The processing period for an application for a restrictive solicitor permit is at least two months. If the application is incomplete, the processing could take longer. Moreover, the Committee for access to the profession may deem it necessary to meet with the candidate.

If the Board of Directors decides to issue the restrictive solicitor permit, you must take the following steps in order to be entered on the Roll of the Order and be able to practise within the limits of your temporary restrictive permit:

  1. Payment of the annual dues

    You must pay the full annual dues for the current year in order to be entered on the Roll of the Order.

  2. Professional liability insurance

    You must subscribe to the professional liability insurance for members of the Barreau du Québec. You will have coverage of $1,000,000.

  3. Taking of the oath

    Before being entered on the Roll of the Order, you must also take the oath or pledge allegiance.

Administrative fee

The cost of applying for the issuance of the permit is $220.

Once you have been entered on the Roll of the Order, you must pay your annual dues.

The administrative fee is payable to the Barreau du Québec by cheque or money order or by credit card (Visa or MasterCard).

Permanent mobility

Permanent mobility involves three types of permits: a full permit after having satisfied the equivalence requirements to become a member of the Barreau du Québec, a special legal advisor permit, and a permit under the reciprocal recognition arrangement between the Barreau du Québec and the Conseil national des barreaux de France entitled Arrangement de reconnaissance mutuelle.

As the holder of one of these permits, you must complete the Barreau du Québec's annual registration every year.

Full permit for a Canadian lawyer

This permit can be issued to a Canadian lawyer who wants to become a member of the Barreau du Québec. It can be issued under the Règlement sur les autorisations légales d’exercer la profession d’avocat hors du Québec qui donnent ouverture au permis du Barreau du Québec.

To obtain a full permit you must hold a legal authorization to practise law issued in another Canadian province or territory.

A Canadian lawyer who can avail himself of this Regulation becomes a member of the Barreau du Québec. He has the same duties and obligations as other members of the Barreau du Québec: respect the Code of Professional Conduct of Lawyers and hold professional liability insurance with coverage limited to $10,000,000.

Conditions for obtaining a full permit under the Regulation

You must provide the following documents:

    1. The examination Civil Law I and Related Proceedings, which may deal with the following subjects: persons, family law (including matrimonial regimes and divorce), successions, property law, obligations (including extracontractual civil liability), and the Consumer Protection Act
    2. The examination Civil II and Related Proceedings, which may deal with the following subjects: nominate contracts, evidence and procedure, business law, prescription, priorities and hypothecs, publication of rights, and private international law

    3. The examination Legislation, regulations and ethical issues relating to the practice of law in Québec

  • Any other required documents

The process for obtaining a permit

The application for the issuance of a permit will be examined by the secretary of the Order in order to ensure that the conditions for the issuance of the permit have been met. The secretary will acknowledge receipt of the application within 30 days following its receipt and, if applicable, will inform the candidate if any documents are missing. Once the application is complete, the candidate must contact the École du Barreau to register for the aptitude assessment examinations of the Barreau du Québec and pay the applicable fee.

Thereafter, the Board of Directors of the Barreau du Québec will decide whether the candidate has fulfilled the condition requiring that the candidate pass the aptitude assessment examinations of the Barreau du Québec. The Board of Directors will inform the candidate about its decision, by registered mail, within 30 days after the decision has been made.

If the Board of Directors renders a favourable decision, the application for admission to the Barreau du Québec will be forwarded to the Committee for access to the profession which must, pursuant to section 45 of the Act respecting the Barreau du Québec, evaluate the candidate's moral character, conduct, skills, knowledge and qualifications to practise the profession.

Upon receipt of the Committee for access to the profession's decision declaring the candidate eligible to practise the profession, the Board of Directors will issue a permit to the candidate.

If the Board of Directors decides that the candidate has not fulfilled the condition requiring that the candidate pass the aptitude assessment examinations of the Barreau du Québec and refuses to issue the permit, it will inform the candidate and indicate the recourse for review available to the candidate.

Review of a decision of the Board of Directors

The candidate may apply for a review of the Board of Directors' decision by sending a written application for review to the secretary of the Order within 30 days after receipt of the decision.

The secretary of the Order will inform the candidate of the date of the meeting at which his application for review will be examined by sending him a notice, by registered mail, at least 15 days before the scheduled meeting date.

If the candidate wants to be present in order to be heard, he must inform the secretary of the Order in writing at least five days before the scheduled meeting date. He may also send the secretary of the Order his written observations at any time before the scheduled meeting date.

The Review Committee will examine the application for review and render a written substantiated decision within 60 days following receipt of the application for review.

The Review Committee's decision is final and will be sent to the candidate by registered mail within 30 days following the date of the meeting at which it was made.

Once your permit has been issued, you must take the following steps in order to be entered on the Roll of the Order and be able to practise law:

  1. Payment of the annual dues

    You must pay the full annual dues for the current year in order to be entered on the Roll of the Order.

  2. Professional liability insurance

    You must subscribe to the professional liability insurance for members of the Barreau du Québec.

    You will have coverage of $10,000,000.

  3. Taking of the oath

    Before being entered on the Roll of the Order, you must also take the oath or pledge allegiance.

Administrative fee

The cost of applying for the issuance of a permit is $220.

The cost of an application for review is $320.

Once you have been entered on the Roll of the Order, you must pay your annual dues.

Full permit for a foreign lawyer or jurist

This permit can be issued to a foreign lawyer or jurist who wants to become a member of the Barreau du Québec and thereby be authorized to practise law in Québec in all legal fields.

To obtain this permit, you must make an application for equivalence recognition to the Equivalences Committee of the Barreau du Québec.

Special legal advisor or consultant permit (Canadian, corporate or foreign)

Pursuant to the Regulation respecting the issuance of special permits of the Barreau du Québec, there are three types of special legal advisor or consultant permits:

  • The special Canadian legal advisor permit for members of the bar of another Canadian province or territory
  • The special corporate legal advisor permit for members of the bar of a State located outside Canada
  • The special foreign legal consultant permit for members of the bar of a State located outside Canada who have practised for at least three years

The holder of a special permit becomes a member of the Barreau du Québec. He has the same duties and obligations as other members of the Barreau du Québec: respect the Code of Professional Conduct of Lawyers and hold professional liability insurance with coverage limited to $1,000,000 and to the activities authorized by the special permit.

What activities can you perform if you hold such a permit?

The Regulation respecting the issuance of special permits of the Barreau du Québec defines the limits of each type of special permit.

Special permit Permitted activities
Canadian legal advisor
  • Give legal advice and consultations on legal matters involving the law of the Canadian province or territory where he is legally authorized to practise law or involving matters under federal jurisdiction
  • Prepare and draw up a notice, motion, proceeding or other similar document intended for use in a case before the courts, but only with respect to matters under federal jurisdiction
  • Give legal advice and consultations on legal matters involving public international law
  • Plead or act before any tribunal, but only with respect to matters under federal jurisdiction
Corporate legal advisor
  • All the activities described in subsection 1 of section 128 of the Act respecting the Barreau du Québec
Foreign legal consultant
  • Give legal advice and consultations on legal matters involving the law of the State where he is legally authorized to practise law
  • Give legal advice and consultations on legal matters involving public international law

Note You must remain a member of your original bar even after the Barreau du Québec has issued the permit.

Conditions for obtaining a special legal advisor or consultant permit

You must provide the following documents:

  • A duly completed Application for admission to the Barreau du Québec which will be examined by the Committee for access to the profession before your application for the issuance of a special permit is referred to the Board of Directors for a decision.
  • And, as applicable:
  • All mandatory documents that must accompany the application for admission (and that are listed in appendices 1 and 2 of the application) including, but not limited to, a proof of identity, a Canadian police certificate and the documents certifying your knowledge of French
  • A certificate signed by the appropriate officer of the bar of which you are a member attesting that you are legally authorized to practise law and that you have not been disbarred or are not the subject of a suspension or limitation of your right to practise law outside Québec
  • Your law degree(s)
  • Your curriculum vitae
  • Any other required documents

The process for obtaining a permit

The application for the issuance of a special permit will be examined by the secretary of the Order in order to ensure that the conditions for the issuance of the permit have been met. If so, the application for admission to the Barreau du Québec will be forwarded to the Committee for access to the profession which must, pursuant to section 45 of the Act respecting the Barreau du Québec, evaluate the candidate's moral character, conduct, skills, knowledge and qualifications to practise the profession.

Upon receipt of the Committee for access to the profession's decision declaring the candidate eligible to practise the profession, the application for the issuance of a special permit will be submitted to the Board of Directors which will make a decision.

The processing period for an application for a special permit is at least two months. If the application is incomplete, the processing could take longer. Moreover, the Committee for access to the profession may deem it necessary to meet with the candidate.

If the Board of Directors decides to issue the special permit, you will have to take the following steps in order to be entered on the Roll of the Order and be able to practise within the limits of your special permit:

  1. Payment of the annual dues

    You must pay the full annual dues for the current year in order to be entered on the Roll of the Order.

  2. Professional liability insurance

    You must subscribe to the professional liability insurance for members of the Barreau du Québec. You will have coverage of $1,000,000.

  3. Taking of the oath

    Before being entered on the Roll of the Order, you must also take the oath or pledge allegiance.

Administrative fee

The cost of applying for the issuance of a permit is $220.

Once you have been entered on the Roll of the Order, you must pay your annual dues.

Member of a bar in France wishing to practise in Québec

The Règlement sur la délivrance d’un permis du Barreau du Québec pour donner effet à l’Arrangement conclu par le Barreau du Québec en vertu de l’Entente entre le Québec et la France en matière de reconnaissance mutuelle des qualifications professionnelles has been in force since 2010.

This Regulation implements the Arrangement de reconnaissance mutuelle des qualifications professionnelles conclu par le Barreau du Québec et le Conseil national des barreaux, a reciprocal qualification recognition arrangement (the "ARM").

The holder of a permit who is entitled to avail himself of the ARM becomes a member of the Barreau du Québec. He has the same duties and obligations as other members of the Barreau du Québec: respect the Code of Professional Conduct of Lawyers and hold professional liability insurance with coverage limited to $10,000,000.

Who may obtain a permit under the ARM?

In order to avail himself of the ARM, the applicant must:

  • Be entered on the roll of a bar in France as a practising lawyer
  • Have obtained, within the territory of France, one of the following titles:
    (a) Maîtrise or Master 1 en droit
    (b) One of the titles or diplomas recognized as equivalent by joint order of the minister of justice and the minister responsible for universities, with the exception of any foreign university or technical title or diploma required for access to a regulated legal profession in the State where said title was granted

Conditions for obtaining a permit under the ARM

A French lawyer must provide the following documents:

  • All mandatory documents that must accompany the application for admission (and that are listed in appendices 1 and 2 of the application for admission) including, but not limited to, a proof of identity, a Canadian police certificate (or a bulletin n3 regarding your criminal record if you live in France) and the documents certifying your knowledge of French
  • A certificate signed by the appropriate officer of a bar in France attesting that you are legally authorized to practise law and that you have not been disbarred or are not the subject of a suspension or limitation of your right to practise law
  • Proof that you have earned a diploma in law in France (Maîtrise or Master 1 en droit)
  • Proof that you have passed the Barreau du Québec's aptitude assessment examination pertaining to the regulation and professional conduct of lawyers
  • Your curriculum vitae
  • Any other required documents

The process for obtaining a permit

The application for the issuance of a permit will be examined by the secretary of the Order in order to ensure that the conditions for the issuance of the permit have been met. The secretary will acknowledge receipt of the application within 30 days following its receipt and, if applicable, will inform the applicant if any documents are missing. If the application is complete, the applicant may register for the Barreau du Québec's aptitude assessment examination pertaining to the regulation and professional conduct of lawyers.

Thereafter, the Board of Directors of the Barreau du Québec will decide whether the candidate has fulfilled the condition requiring that the candidate pass the Barreau du Québec's aptitude assessment examination pertaining to the regulation and professional conduct of lawyers; the Board of Directors will make this determination within 60 days following the date on which the applicant has provided proof thereof.

The Board of Directors will inform the applicant about its decision, by registered mail, within 30 days after the decision has been made. If the decision is favourable, it will issue the permit.

Following the Board of Directors's favourable decision to issue the permit, the application for admission to the Barreau du Québec will be forwarded to the Committee for access to the profession which must, pursuant to section 45 of the Act respecting the Barreau du Québec, evaluate the candidate's moral character, conduct, skills, knowledge and qualifications to practise the profession.

Upon receipt of the Committee for access to the profession's decision declaring the applicant eligible to practise the profession, the applicant will have to take the following steps in order to be entered on the Roll of the Order and be able to practise law:

  1. Payment of the annual dues

    You must pay the full annual dues for the current year in order to be entered on the Roll of the Order.

  2. Professional liability insurance

    You must also subscribe to the professional liability insurance for members of the Barreau du Québec. You will have coverage of $10,000,000.

  3. Taking of the oath

    Before being entered on the Roll of the Order, you must also take the oath or pledge allegiance.

Review of a decision of the Board of Directors in the event of a refusal

If the Board of Directors decides that the candidate has not fulfilled the condition requiring that the candidate pass the Barreau du Québec's aptitude assessment examination pertaining to the regulation and professional conduct of lawyers, it will inform the applicant and indicate the recourse for review available to him.

The applicant may apply for a review of the Board of Directors' decision by sending a written application for review to the secretary of the Order within 30 days after receipt of the decision.

The secretary of the Order will inform the applicant of the date of the meeting at which his application for review will be examined by sending him a notice to that effect, by registered mail, at least 15 days before the scheduled meeting date.

An applicant who wishes to present written observations must send them to the secretary of the Order at least two days before the meeting at which his application for review will be examined.

The Review Committee will examine the application for review and render a written substantiated decision within 60 days following receipt of the application for review.

The Review Committee's decision is final and must be sent to the applicant by registered mail within 30 days following the date of the meeting at which it was made.

Administrative fee

The administrative fee for an application for the issuance of a permit is $220.

The administrative fee for an application for review is $320.

Once you have been entered on the Roll of the Order, you must pay your annual dues.

The aptitude assessment examination pertaining to the regulation and professional conduct of lawyers

The aptitude assessment examination pertaining to the regulation and professional conduct of lawyers allows the Barreau du Québec to determine whether the applicant has the knowledge regarding the duties and obligations of all members of the Barreau du Québec that is required in order to practise law.

The examination is offered twice a year, in February and in September.

The applicant must send all the documents required to register for the examination before July 1st for the September examination and before December 1st for the February examination.

Prior to the examination, the applicant may, if he wishes, take the professional training on ethics offered by the École du Barreau du Québec. It is the applicant's responsibility to register for this preparatory training activity.

The examination is an oral examination before a jury of three lawyers. The examination lasts approximately half an hour. You must obtain 60% in order to pass the examination.

The following professional documentation is recommended:

The administrative fees for the examination and the preparatory training activity are specified in the Application to register for the aptitude assessment examination pertaining to the regulation and professional conduct of lawyers, depending on the option chosen by the candidate.

Do You Have Questions?

Info-Barreau
Telephone: 514-954-3411 or toll-free at 1-844-954-3411
E-mail: infobarreau@barreau.qc.ca

Member of the Barreau du Québec wishing to practise in France

Pursuant to the Arrangement de reconnaissance mutuelle des qualifications professionnelles conclu par le Barreau du Québec et le Conseil national des barreaux, a reciprocal qualification recognition arrangement (the “ARM”), a Québec lawyer may obtain the right to practise law in France by going through a simplified process.

Who may obtain a permit under the ARM?

In order to avail himself of the ARM, the Québec lawyer must:

Have obtained one of the following titles, within the territory of Québec, from an authority recognized or designated by Québec:

  • LL.B. in law (Bachelor of Law) or any diploma recognized as an equivalent
  • Permit to practise law

Perform the following compensation measure:

  • The aptitude assessment examination pertaining to the regulation and professional conduct of lawyers provided for by section 100 of the Décret n° 91-1197 du 27 novembre 1991 organisant la profession d’avocat, according to the conditions set by order of the minister of justice.

The process for obtaining a permit

The first step is to submit a petition for the authorization to take the aptitude assessment examination pertaining to the regulation and professional conduct of lawyers, which petition must be addressed to the president of the Conseil National des Barreaux (CNB) by registered mail, with acknowledgement of receipt, at the following address:

Conseil National des Barreaux
22 rue de Londres
75009 Paris
Tel: 00 33 1 53 30 85 60
E-mail: aae@cnb.avocat.fr

For more information, consult the CNB website.

Note You must take this step at least three months in advance and pay attention to the cutoff dates in order to be able to register on time for the aptitude assessment examination.

Once the CNB agrees to admit you to the aptitude assessment examination pertaining to the regulation and professional conduct of lawyers, you must register for this examination at one of the following two centres:

The examination is offered twice a year, in March at the EFB de Paris and in November at the HEDCA de Versailles. Prior to the examination, a Québec lawyer may, if he wishes, take the training on ethics offered by the EFB de Paris or the HECDA de Versailles. It is the applicant's responsibility to register for this preparatory training activity.

The examination is an oral examination before a jury comprised of a lawyer, a judge and a university professor.

 

For more information on the examination, contact:

EFB de Paris
Ms. Anne-Marie Pickel
Tel: +33 (0) 43.43.70.65
E-mail: a.pickel@efbparis.fr
Consult the website

OR

HEDAC de Versailles
Ms. Manuela Saada
Tel: +33 (0) 1 39 51 42 42
E-mail: ms@hedac.fr

French language requirement

Did you know that section 35 of the Charter of the French Language states the following: “The professional orders shall not issue permits except to persons whose knowledge of the official language is appropriate to the practice of their profession”?  

See the details of this requirement.

Note Given that the Barreau du Québec reserves the right at all times to ask you to provide evidence certifying your good conduct in Canada or elsewhere, you must be sure you are able to provide such proof upon request for every place in which you resided for a period of six months or more since the age of 18.

Do You Have Questions?

Info-Barreau
Telephone: 514-954-3411 or toll-free at 1-844-954-3411
E-mail: infobarreau@barreau.qc.ca